What is Principal Private Residence Relief?

Principal private resident relief


PRR is an automatic capital gains tax deduction applied when you sell your house. To qualify for the complete relief, it must be your primary dwelling (you may also qualify if you dispose of a house provided for a dependent family).

If you’re selling a second home or a buy-to-let property, you’ll have to pay capital gains tax on the earnings – but depending on whether you’ve ever lived in the house, you may be able to obtain some relief.

If you acquired your home to generate a profit – that is, as an investment or for commercial purposes – you do not qualify for tax relief.

When you sell your second house, you must pay taxes. You’ve just made a profit when you sell a residence that has appreciated. HMRC considers the profit taxable, and as a result, you must pay capital gains tax.

You may find some alleviation, though, based on the following signs: if the property was ever your primary home if you rented out part or all of it.

If you utilized the property for business (however, using a spare room as an office does not qualify) The grounds are fewer than 5,000 square meters in size. Here is everything you need to know about principal private residence relief.

So, what is Principal Private Residence Relief?

what is Principle Private Residence Relief

When you sell your house, the IRS gives you a tax credit on the appreciation because of a provision known as Private Residence Relief (PRR). To qualify for the complete relief, it must be your primary dwelling (you may also qualify if you dispose of a house provided for a dependent family).

How the assistance works

You would generally be required to pay Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on any gain made if you sold: a dwelling house (which may include a house, flat, houseboat, or fixed caravan) that is your home part of a dwelling house that is your home part of the garden linked to your home

However, if all of the following requirements are satisfied, you will be entitled to complete relief

complete relief

Throughout your period of ownership, the dwelling house has been your only or primary residence. You have not been absent other than for an allowed period of absence or because you live in job-related accommodation.

And the garden or grounds, including the buildings on them, are not more extensive than the permitted area. During your ownership, no part of your home has been utilized principally for business purposes, including working from home in a non-exclusively commercial room.

Who is eligible for assistance?

Who is eligible for assistance

Any person is eligible for tax relief on any gain coming from the sale of their primary or only dwelling. It is provided that, in calculating the amount of the gain that would be chargeable if the relief did not exist, no account must take off any Gift Hold-Over Relief granted by any person for earlier disposal under section 260 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992.

Special transitional provisions may enable some Private Residence Relief to apply when Gift Hold-Over Relief is acquired for a transfer completed before December 10, 2003. These transitory measures must use to get relief (see how to claim relief).

Trustees of settled property and personal representatives may seek relief in some cases, as outlined below. Companies are not eligible for tax breaks.

Freehold owners or renters with a lease may apply for financial aid. If you share the freehold or lease ownership with someone else, you may also be entitled to relief.

Away & Away

Away and Away

As of May 29, 2020, international travel is challenging and impossible between certain nations. Individuals’ inability to move may change tax residence, depending on their unique circumstances. If a property is sold in a country where the owner is not a tax resident, they may be unable to take advantage of PPR on the sale (and fall within the charge to UK CGT).

It could happen if the individual has property in the UK but cannot return due to international travel restrictions. And their tax residency changes from being UK tax residents to being residents in their current country of physical location. Or if the individual has property abroad but finds themself stuck in the UK and becomes a UK tax resident as a result.

According to the statute, a tax year (and qualifying tax year) will not have PPR accessible because of the existing scenario (s.222A TCGA 1992 and subsequent sections). If the taxpayer or their spouse were not a tax resident of the nation where the residence is located during the tax year, the deduction would not apply.

No more than 90 nights were spent there for tax purposes (or residences in the same country). It is also feasible to change tax residence. People who are forced to leave the country where their home is located might not be able to take advantage of PPR.

On the domestic front, unless a special election has been made, establishing which dwelling-house is the principal home and possibly eligible for PPR is a matter of fact if a person owns two or more dwelling-houses.

As a result, it is theoretically feasible that an extended stay in a second house might alter a property’s primary residence status.


The principal private residence relief (PPR) is for people who sell their primary or principal place of residence (their “dwelling-house,” which isn’t defined in the legislation but usually refers to buildings fit for human habitation and lived in).

It gives them a break on some or all of the capital gains tax (CGT) that would have been due on the sale. To be eligible for PPR, a person’s home must be their exclusive or primary residence for a significant portion of the time the home has been owned.

The dwelling-house must not have been acquired in whole or in part to realize a gain from its disposal (i.e., the dwelling-house was not acquired to be ‘flipped’).

However, there are several conditions in which the use of PPR may be limited or even prohibited. Individuals should be aware that travel limitations and working from home may trigger two scenarios.

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